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3 jul. 2015

ASTOR PIAZZOLLA EN LA ENCICLOPEDIA BRITANICA

La Enciclopedia Britanica, que tanto citaba Jorge Luis Borgestiene un lugar
 destacado para este maestro de la música Argentina.
ASTOR PIAZZOLLA - ARGENTINE MUSICIAN
WRITTEN BY: THE EDITORS OF ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
Astor Piazzolla, in full Astor Pantaleón Piazzolla (born March 11, 1921,
 Mar del Plata, Argentina-died July 4, 1992, Buenos Aires), Argentine
musician, a virtuoso on the bandoneón (a square-built button accordion),
 who left traditional Latin American tango bands in 1955 to create a new
tango that blended elements of jazz and classical music. He was a major
 Latin American composer of the 20th century.
In 1925 Piazzolla moved with his parents to New York, where the
 family lived until 1936. He received his first bandoneón at age eight
and learned to play both that instrument and the piano as a child. When
 the family returned to Mar del Plata in 1936, Piazzolla began playing
with a variety of tango orchestras. At age 17 he moved to Buenos Aires.
He formed his own orchestra in 1946, composing new works and
experimenting with the sound and structure of the tango. About the
same time he began to compose music for film. In 1949 he disbanded
the orchestra, unsatisfied with his own efforts and still interested
in classical composition.
Having won a composing contest with his symphonic piece Buenos Aire
s (1951), he went to study in Paris with Nadia Boulanger. She urged
 him to remain true to himself and to continue his experiments with
 the tango. Henceforth he combined his two musical passions,
despite much criticism from tango traditionalists.
He returned to Argentina in 1955 but moved once again to the United
 States, where he lived from 1958 to 1960. When he returned again to
 Argentina, he formed the influential Quinteto Nuevo Tango (1960),
 featuring a violin, electric guitar, piano, double bass, and bandoneón.
Though many of his 750 compositions were written for that quintet,
he also composed pieces for orchestra, big band, bandoneón, and cello.
 His innovations, including counterpoint and new rhythms and harmonies,
 were initially not well received in his country, but they were greatly
 admired in the United States and Europe. He moved to Paris in 1974
 but returned to Argentina in 1985.
In Argentina Piazzolla’s new tango gradually gained acceptance, and
 his music influenced a new generation of tango composers and was
 featured during the 1970s and ’80s in film scores, television programs,
 and commercials. His later compositions included a concerto for
bandoneón and orchestra (1979) and, commissioned by Kronos Quartet,
 Five Tango Sensations for bandoneón and string quartet (1989).